When we look at the many existing diets – like the gluten-free diet, the paleo diet or the ketogenic diet and the way we choose to eat, it becomes increasingly clear that we are losing certain values in the name efficiency.
As we know, fast food and junk food are not just a health issue but a socio-cultural phenomenon. Thus, most of the foods found on the shelves of modern grocery stores – mostly in the West – would be unrecognizable to our great-grandparents.
On the other hand, as time takes us further from the age and memory of our ancestors, the distance between our diets increases and gives rise to inconveniences which affect the state of health of all.
What is a paleo diet
The paleo diet is modeled after the diets that hunter-gatherers are likely to have followed. It is designed to resemble what human hunter-gatherer ancestors ate thousands of years ago.
While there’s no one way to follow the Paleo diet, the overriding basic idea is to avoid processed foods and focus on healthy, whole foods instead.
However, although it is impossible to know exactly what the human ancestors ate in the different populated parts of the world, scientific researchers believe that their diet consisted of whole foods.
So, paleo foods include meat, fish, eggs, seeds, nuts, fruits, and vegetables, as well as healthy fats and oils. Processed foods, grains, and sugar should be avoided, but a few modern healthy foods like grass-fed butter and gluten-free cereals can be added.
What’s the reason behind following paleo diet
By following a full diet and leading a physically active lifestyle, hunter-gatherers likely had much lower rates of lifestyle-related diseases, such as obesity, allergies, diabetes, and heart disease.
This diet can lead to significant weight loss and major health improvements. But keep in mind that, it is vital to consult a medical professional before starting this diet.
The risk factors of this new lifestyle cause an increase in certain digestive disorders and diseases (diabetes obesity high blood pressure, liver disease,
Paleolithic diet is an ancestral diet
An ancestral diet is all about ingredients and local culture. The objective of this style of paleo diet is in particular health. It is also a return to our “origins” which is sometimes contested.
This means that a person consumes what is available precisely where he is. So eating this way will be different in different geological area.
We can see that following an ancestral lifestyle and diet have some of the lowest rates of some of the most common epidemic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, neurological disorders and behavioral, or cancer
What’s behind the idea of paleo diet
It was in the 1980s that the concept of “Paleolithic nutrition” was “born”. First under the influence and pen of the American radiologist Stanley Boyd Eaton. This medical professional’s fascination with evolutionary medicine and Paleolithic nutrition dates back to the late 1970s. This era did not yet have enough understanding of pre-agricultural human diets or appreciation of their health implications. contemporary. However, Stanley Boyd Eaton has collaborated with several specialist researchers in an effort to characterize ancestral eating habits.
According to the majority of sources, which sometimes contradict each other as scientific discoveries are made, a paleo diet is a diet based on foods similar to those that could have been eaten in the Paleolithic era
Modern Paleolithic diet
Better known as the “paleo diet”, this diet is not yet rich in reliable scientific literature to demonstrate its true benefits.
Although it corresponds to a diet modeled on prehistoric human diets. But to say that it is suitable for modern humans and to fully embrace it is not necessarily without consequence.
What is the paleo ketogenic diet?
The paleo ketogenic diet is based on the consumption of animal fats and proteins. A paleo ketogenic diet or paleo keto diet is very low in carbohydrates, moderate in protein and high in fat.
The emphasis is on eating nutritious, natural foods with much of the energy coming from animal products.
This is because it combines aspects of the Paleolithic diet, which emulates the foods of our ancestors, and the ketogenic diet, which is a very low-carb diet. Cereals (bread, cereals), milk and other dairy products, vegetable oils, refined sugars and processed foods are avoided.
The diet has been tested as a way to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes and has shown significant potential.
Because of the widespread interest in paleo and ketogenic diets, and because each restricts various foods containing essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, micronutrients, and fiber researchers are examining them more closely and need to delve into their effects before drawing too affirmative conclusions. Only a handful of case studies exist in which the “paleo ketogenic diet” experience.
The benefits of paleo diet
Some controlled trials have shown that the paleo diet produces greater short-term benefits than diets based on common nutritional requirements guidelines. This includes greater weight loss, reduced waist circumference, lower blood pressure blood pressure, increased insulin sensitivity and improved cholesterol levels.
However, these studies were short, with a small number of participants and are not yet sufficient to practice this diet with your eyes closed.
The drawbacks of following a paleo diet
the paleo diet includes fresh, nutrient-dense whole foods and encourages practitioners to stay away from highly processed foods that contain salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats. However, omitting whole grains, dairy products and legumes could result in suboptimal intake of important nutrients.
Being careful when buying foods
On the other hand, excluding entire categories of commonly consumed foods like whole grains and dairy requires careful reading of supermarket labels and restaurant menus.
change in expenses and meal prep
This diet relies heavily on fresh foods, expect a time commitment to plan, purchase, prepare and cook meals. Fish, meats, and fresh produce tend to be more expensive than processed versions such as frozen or canned. So this is also a change in expenses.
Consuming more meat
Finally, several studies have shown that a high consumption of red meat is linked to a higher risk of death, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This diet is therefore not a panacea for reducing the risks associated with a carnivorous diet.
Also, this paleo diet can also increase the risk of deficiencies such as calcium, vitamin D, and the B family of vitamins, if these nutrients are not consistently consumed from permitted foods or a vitamin supplement.
For example, some calcium-rich non-dairy foods are well absorbed by the body, such as collard greens and turnips or canned sardines and salmon, but you will need to eat up to five or more servings of these green vegetables and fish (with their small bones) per day to meet the recommended calcium requirements.
Less fiber intake
Additionally, excluding whole grains may lead to reduced intake of beneficial nutrients such as fiber and may therefore increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Difficult to follow at first
Among the potential pitfalls that can lead to stopping the diet is meal planning. This diet can be difficult for busy people or for people who are less experienced in the kitchen.